Nepal Information

Location Between India & the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China.

Area & Population  147,181 Sq. Kms & Approximately 22 Million

Latitude & Longitude 26’12’ and 30’27’ North & 80 degree 4′ and 88 degree 12′ East

Capital Kathmandu

People Over 40 Ethnic Groups & 70 Spoken Languages.

Political – System Multiparty Democracy With Constitutional Monarchy.

Topography From the World’s Deepest gorge ‘Kali-Gandaki’ to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8845m.

Vegetation  Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical Rain-forests to Alpine Deserts.

Climate Climate ranges from sub-tropical in the low lands to Arctic higher altitudes.

Seasons Winter (December – February) Summer (March – May ) Monsoon (June – August) Autumn (September – November)

 The Best Season to Visit

Each of Nepal’s climatic seasons offer something different and visitors do come to Nepal all the year round. However, the weather that suits most people is during the Pre and Post Monsoon seasons. It is at this time that the majority of visitors come to Nepal.

These two main tourist seasons (Pre-Monsoon, March, April, May, Mid June and the post-Monsoon, Mid-September, October, November). Both tend to be fairly dry, and to provide pleasant conditions for trekking, rafting and sightseeing. During the Pre-monsoon visitors will have the benefit of flowering plants, but visibility is sometimes reduced with hazy conditions. Post-monsoon normally provides good visibility.


For trekking below 4000m, the day time temperatures in these seasons will normally allow visitors to be comfortable in a t-shirt and light sweater. Above 4000m a fleece jacket may also be needed. At altitudes above 3000 to 3500m, night time temperatures will be low (often down to around freezing), but a down jacket or staying tucked up comfortably in a warm tent or lodge will be enough to stay comfortable.

Trekking is still possible outside the main seasons and during the monsoon months (mid-June, July, August, mid-September) the rain-shadow areas of the upper Marsyandi and Kali Gandaki valleys, and Dolpo receive far less rain than the Khumbu or Annapurna areas. During the winter conditions can also be good although much colder, but be aware that on occasions in January, February and March the higher passes and valleys are sometimes unreachable snow fall,

National Bird & National Flower Impean Pheasant (Danfe) & Rhododendron Arboreum (Lali Gurans)

World Heriatge Sites Ten of which seven World Heritage Sites are situated within 20 kms. Of radius, in the Kathmandu Valley.

Flora and Founa 840 different species of wet-land, migratory and residential bird, 8% of the world’s population of birds.

Home to Endangered Species Like  Royal Bengal Tiger, One horned rhino, Snow – Leopard, Red Panda, Brown Bear, Assamese Macaque, Gangetic Dolphin, Wolf, Wild Elephant, Giant Horn – Bill, Swamp Deer, Wild Yak, Tibetan Antelope, Black Buck, Four Horned antelope, Musk Deer, Pigmy Hog, Haspid Hare, Pangolin, Gharial, Indian Bustart, Saras Crane, Impean Pheasant, Python etc. 

A Living Cultural Heritage  Nepal’s Heritage is alive and dynamic. Shamanism, Pan-animism & Witch-craft are still practiced in remote regions. Temples, shrines, monuments and monasteries are extremely active with devotees burning butter-lamps, singing hymns, chiming temple bells and playing drums. The only country that has living goddess “Kumari.